What Is Orquiepididimite, Symptoms and Treatment
The orquiepididimite is an inflammatory process very common that surrounds the testicles (orchitis) and the epididymis (epididymitis). The epididymis is a small duct that collects and stores the sperm cells produced within the testes.
The inflammation can be caused by bacteria or viruses, as in the case of mumps which is the most common way to develop orchitis, or epididymitis, but may also be a consequence of sexually transmitted diseases, such as gonorrhoea and chlamydia. Bacterial agents causing urinary tract infections such as Escherichia Coli can also initiate the inflammatory process, as well as injuries on the spot.
Symptoms of orquiepididimite
The symptoms of orquiepididimite begin with:
- Increase painful only one, or of two testicles, which gets worse with the passing of the days;
- Signs inflammatory sites such as the heat and flushing (redness);
- There may be fever, nausea and vomiting;
- There may be peeling of the skin testicular.
The doctor further indicated to observe the region and indicate the treatment is the urologist, who can palpate the testicle and see if there is relief of symptoms to try to hold the testicles by holding with the hand. Digital rectal examination can be useful to evaluate the size, consistency and sensitivity, in addition to nodules that may be present.
The doctor may order tests such as, blood test, urine, urocultura and secretion of the urethra. If there is a suspicion of syphilis, this test may also be requested. It is not always necessary to perform an ultrasound of the region.
Treatment for orquiepididimite
In the treatment for orquiepididimite uses remedies to relieve the symptoms, such as trimethoprim, sulfamethoxazole, or fluoroquinolone, and use of scrotal support by using the speedo athletic so that the swelling does not get worse even more the pain by the action of gravity. When the cause is a bacteria can be used vancomycin or a cephalosporin, for example.
In the infectious cases, in addition to the treatment of the symptoms, it is necessary to try to identify the initial focus of the infection and if the cause is a sexually transmitted disease that should be eliminated. When it is discovered that they were fungi, should be used anti-fungal.