What Is It and What Are the Symptoms of Prostatitis
Prostatitis is characterized by inflammation of the prostate, which leads to an increase of its size, may cause symptoms such as pain, burning when you urinate, fever, among others.
Usually, prostatitis is caused by a bacterial infection and, most often, the treatment consists in the administration of antibiotics, analgesics and anti-inflammatory.
What are the symptoms
The most common symptoms that may indicate a prostatitis, which is inflammation of the prostate gland, are mainly the decrease of the force of the jet of urine and pain when urinating.
In addition to the symptoms listed, prostatitis can also cause fever and chills, especially if the prostatitis is caused by an infection. However, the only way to confirm the diagnosis is to consult a urologist to do tests like examination of blood, urine, or even a ultrasound.
As increases the frequency of the desire in urinate, there may be the presence of blood in the urine and is common in the development of impotence due to the constant pain.
Although there are different causes that can result in inflammation of the prostate, the majority of prostatites is caused by an infection, especially by bacteria like Escherichia coli or Proteus mirabilis. For this reason, it is relatively common for prostatitis be treated with the use of antibiotics, who shall be appointed by the urologist.
In some cases, prostatitis can be caused by a surgery or injury in the region and there are still situations where it is not possible to identify the cause.
Classification of prostatitis
Prostatitis can be classified into:
- Type I Prostatitis acute bacterial;
- Type II Prostatitis chronic bacterial;
- Type III – pelvic pain Syndrome, also known as chronic prostatitis inflammatory;
- Type III B – chronic Prostatitis non-inflammatory pelvic pain syndrome or prostatodinia;
- Type IV – Prostatitis inflammatory asymptomatic.
Usually, prostatitis acute and chronic present the same symptoms, being considered chronic prostatitis whose symptoms remain for more than 3 months.
How is the diagnosis made
The diagnosis of prostatitis is made in consideration of the symptoms referred by the patient and that are typically related to difficulty in urinating.
In addition, the doctor may indicate collection of blood, urine and fluid the prostatic and recommend testing as the fluxometria, digital rectal examination, blood test, the PSA, or even biopsy to confirm the cause of the enlargement of the prostate.
What is the treatment
The treatment for prostatitis should always be indicated by a urologist that in the majority of cases, it identifies an infection and, therefore, prescribes the use of antibiotics in tablets or in more serious cases, medications that are applied directly into the vein, in the hospital.
In addition, the doctor may also prescribe painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs to relieve the symptoms or alpha-blockers, such as tamsulosin, help relax the bladder neck and the muscle fibers where the prostate joins the bladder.
In prostatitis chronic bacterial, treatment with antibiotics is longer, being carried out for about 3 months, however, when the antibiotics do not treat the inflammation, it may be necessary to do a surgery to remove the abscess prostate that causes the symptoms.