The Main Symptoms and How to Cure Prostate Cancer
Prostate cancer is a type of cancer very common in men, especially after 50 years of age. In general, this cancer grows very slowly and often does not produce symptoms in the initial phase, however, can manifest through signs such as difficulty urinating or dark urine, for example, which is common to other problems, such as benign prostatic hyperplasia.
Generally, the treatment can be done with surgery, radiotherapy or chemotherapy depending on the staging of the disease, when it is discovered still in the initial phase, has the greatest chances of a cure.
The main symptoms
In many cases prostate cancer does not manifest symptoms in the initial phase, however in a more advanced stage the disease may manifest itself with:
- Difficulty in passing urine, often with jets weak or drops;
- Pain or burning when you urinate;
- Will frequent urination, waking at night to urinate;
- Feeling that the bladderis still full even after urinating;
- Dark urinedue to the presence of blood;
- Pain while ejaculatingand semen darkened.
When the cancer is already at a very advanced stage can arise from infections and pain in the bones and, in some cases, these symptoms are common to the benign infection of the prostate, which can hinder the diagnosis of the disease.
How to confirm the diagnosis
Since this cancer does not cause symptoms in the beginning of its evolution, it is advised that the men after 50 years of age to do regular tests to assess changes in the prostate, such as the digital rectal examination or PSA test.
If during the rectal examination the doctor palpate a nodule, the prostate should be further investigated by an ultrasound, biopsy guided by ultrasonography and urine testing.
The main stages of prostate cancer
Once you have confirmed the existence of prostate cancer is essential to identify the staging of the cancer to guide the treatment, being that:
- Stage TheTumor that is not visible nor palpable to the touch;
- Stage B- the Tumor inside of the prostate that is palpable to the touch and visible in imaging examinations
- Stage C- the Tumor that reached the seminal vesicles, which lie close to the prostate;
- Stage D- the Tumor that has already reached other organs and there are already metastases, and can affect the urethra, rectum, the bladder, for example.
The grade of the cancer allows you to define the best treatment and see if there is a cure for the disease.
How to achieve the cure of cancer
Prostate cancer, in a majority of cases, has no cure and this can be achieved through treatments that include surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy, and the treatment will be done free of charge at hospitals such as the INCA.
In most cases, there are higher chances of cure when the disease is diagnosed in the early, and usually the treatment can include:
- Surgery:is done the removal of the prostate and in some cases the languages of the groin;
- Radiation therapy:generally it is used when the tumor has not yet reached other organs or reached only the bodies closest;
- Chemotherapy:the treatment is done with medicines in the vein or by pills.
In many cases, these treatments can cause side effects such as urinary incontinence, impotence, and inability to have children, but if you do not treatment the disease can spread through the body, being potentially fatal.
In some cases, the prostate cancer is only diagnosed when it spreads to other regions of the body, which decreases the chance of cure of the disease.
What causes prostate cancer
There is a specific cause for the development of prostate cancer, but some factors that can increase the risk of the disease are food rich in fats, hormonal disturbances and the environment polluted and fertilizer use are under suspicion.
How to prevent prostate cancer
To prevent prostate cancer, it is necessary to avoid exposure to factors such as pollution, fertilizers and chemicals.
In addition, for the early detection of the disease, it is recommended that all men over 50 years of age do at least 1 time a year the digital rectal examination, and the examination of blood PSA, for the prostate cancer is diagnosed, the greater are your chances of cure, especially when they have a family member with prostate cancer have a higher chance of suffering from this disease.