Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
One of the symptoms most classic of testicular cancer is the appearance of a lump hard painless, and the size of a pea in the testicle, but the other symptoms that also must be evaluated by a urologist and that may indicate the presence of cancer, which include:
- Pain when touch the testicle;
- Increasing the size or weight of the testis is affected;
- Hardening or softening of the testicle;
- Pain in the lower abdomen;
- Difficulty to urinate;
- The presence of blood in the urine;
In addition, in some cases, it is also possible that the man may present an increase in the size of the breasts, and the sensitivity of the nipples, due to the reduced amount of testosterone.
Not always the testicular cancer cause pain, especially in the beginning of the disease. Therefore, the more important it is to regularly examine the testicles, noting if they are symmetrical and have the same texture. It is recommended that the self-testicular exam is done soon after the warm bath, when the skin that surrounds the testicles is more relaxed.
Many times, these symptoms are not related to cancer, may arise due to other more common problems, such as hydrocele or varicocele, for example, which have a very different treatment.
How to confirm the diagnosis
If you notice any of these changes, you should make an appointment with a urologist to do a medical examination the more detailed and identify what the cause of the symptoms.
In addition to evaluating the testes and the clinical history, the urologist may also order other tests such as ultrasound and a blood test, to confirm or establish the diagnosis of cancer, as well as to identify in which stage of development.
What is the staging of testicular cancer
There are 4 stages leading in the development of testicular cancer:
- Stadium 0: the cancer is found only in tubules, seminiferous on the inside of the testicle and does not spread to other parts, or to the lymph nodes.
- Stage I: cancer cells have grown out of the tubules, seminiferous, and, therefore, may be affecting the nearby structures of the testis, however, the cancer still has not arrived in the lymph nodes;
- Stage II: the cancer may have grown out of the testicle or the size can not be assessed properly. In addition, it may have spread to one or more lymph nodes;
- Stage III: the cancer may have grown outside of the testicle, but the size can not be assessed properly. The cancer may also have arrived in the lymph nodes and other nearby structures.
Typically, the more advanced the stadium of the cancer more difficult may be the treatment, it may be necessary to remove the testicles to get the cure.
Learn more about the different forms of treatment of testicular cancer.
Who has a higher risk of having testicular cancer
The testicular cancer can arise in any man, however, there is an increased risk in men between 20 and 45 years, with cases of cancer in the family or who have HIV.