Symptoms and Treatment of Breast Cancer in Man
Breast cancer can also affect men, since it develops in the cells that are also present in breast tissue, however, this type of cancer is rare and affects more men between the ages of 50 and 65 years old, especially when there are cases of breast cancer in the family, as mother or grandmother.
The symptoms and treatment are similar to breast cancer in women and, therefore, there are higher chances of cure when the cancer is discovered at the beginning, although the greater part is uncovered when the disease is more advanced.
What are the symptoms
The symptoms of cancer of the male breast include:
- Nodule or lump in the breast, behind the nipple or just below the areola, which does not cause pain;
- Nipple facing inside;
- Pain in a certain area of the chest that arises time after emergence of the nodule;
- The skin wrinkled or corrugated;
- The output of the blood or liquid through the nipple;
- Redness or scaling of the breast skin or nipple;
- Changes in breast volume;
- Swelling of the languages in the armpit.
The greater part of the cases of breast cancer do not have symptoms are easy to identify and, therefore, men with cases of breast cancer in the family should alert the general practitioner to make regular examinations after the age of 50 to diagnose changes that may indicate cancer.
How to identify breast cancer in men
Through self-examination the man can identify a hard nodule in the region of the chest, but other signs, such as bleeding at the nipple and pain are the first symptoms that usually call attention.
The diagnosis of breast cancer in men should be done by a urologist or mastologist through examinations such as mammography, ultrasound of the breast followed by biopsy.
The assessment of the extent of the disease is made by blood tests, chest x-Ray, scintigraphic bone and cat scan of the abdominal and pelvic.
How is it treated
The treatment for cancer of the breast in men varies according to the degree of development of the disease, but usually starts with surgery to remove all the affected tissue, as well as the íngua inflamed.
When the cancer is too developed, it may not be possible to remove all cancer cells and, therefore, may still be necessary to do other treatments such as chemotherapy, radiation, or hormone therapy, with tamoxifen, for example.
Breast cancer in men is curable?
There are higher chances of cure when the cancer is discovered early, however, it is more often discovered at a more advanced stage. The size of the lump and the lymph nodes affected should be taken into consideration, usually there are higher chances of death when the lump has more than 2.5 cm and multiple lymph nodes are affected. As well as in the women, the men of black race and those with mutations in the gene brca2 genes, have lower chances of cure.
Types of breast cancer in man
The types of cancer of the male breast can be:
- Ductal Carcinoma In Situ: cancer cells form in the ducts of the breast but do not invade or spread to outside the breast. It is almost always curable with surgery.
- Carcinoma Ductal Invasive: hits the wall of the duct and grows through the fatty tissue of the breast. It can spread to other organs and account for 80% of the tumors.
- Lobular Carcinoma-Invasive: it grows in the fatty tissue of the breast. It is the type most rare in men.
- Paget’s disease: begins in the breast ducts and causes scabs on the nipple, flaking, itching, swelling, redness and bleeding. Paget’s disease may be related to ductal carcinoma in situ or ductal carcinoma invasive.
- Inflammatory Breast cancer: is very rare in men, and consists in inflammation of the breast that causes your swelling, redness, and burning, unlike form a nodule.
It is not known exactly what may cause breast cancer in men, but some of the factors that seem to collaborate are advanced age, benign breast disease previously, disease testicular and mutations chromosomes, such as Klinefelter Syndrome, in addition to the use of steroids or estrogens, radiation, alcoholism, and obesity.