Melasma in Men: Why It Happens and How to Treat
Melasma consists in the appearance of dark spots on the skin, especially on the face, on places such as the forehead, the cheekbones, lips or chin. Although it is more frequent in women, due to hormonal changes, this problem may also affect some men, mainly due to excessive sun exposure.
Although it is not required any particular type of treatment, as these spots do not cause any symptom or health problem, it may be necessary to start treatment to improve the aesthetics of the skin.
How is it treated
The treatment should always be guided by a dermatologist, since it is necessary to adapt the treatment techniques for each type of skin and intensity of the stain. However, general guidelines include some cautions that should be followed in all cases, as:
- Avoid sunbathingfor long periods of time;
- Spend a sunscreen with factor 50whenever I need to get out on the street;
- Use a hat or capto protect your face from the sun;
- Do not use creams or lotions after shavecontaining alcohol or substances that irritate the skin.
In some cases, these precautions are sufficient to reduce the intensity of the spots on the skin. However, when the stain remains, the doctor may recommend treatment with specific substances, such as the agents of hypopigmentation that include hydroquinone, kojic acid, mequinol or tretinoin, for example.
Now, when the stains are permanent and will not disappear with any of the substances indicated previously, the dermatologist can suggest to make peeling chemical or laser treatment, that need to be made in the office.
Because it arises melasma
There is still no specific cause for the appearance of melasma in men, but the factors that seem to be related with increased risk for this problem are sun exposure exaggerated and have a type of skin darker.
In addition, there is still a relationship of the appearance of melasma and the decrease in the quantities of testosterone in the blood, and increase of the luteinizing hormone. In this way, it is possible to do blood tests, ordered by dermatologist, to find out if there is a risk of developing melasma, especially if there are other cases in the family.