Main Attractions of Rome, Italy

Rome is a city-museum, which presents a huge number of monuments and exhibits of history, architecture and art from different eras:

Roman Forum – a square in the center of Rome with adjacent buildings, built in the 6th century BC, economic, political and religious center of ancient Rome.
The Imperial Forums is an ensemble of architectural monuments of Ancient Rome, the construction of which lasted about 150 years. Includes Forum of Caesar, Forum of Trojan, Forum of Augustus, Forum of Nerva, Temple of Peace and Forum of Vespasian.

Coliseum– a grandiose building, the oldest and largest amphitheater of ancient Rome, where bloody gladiator fights took place. Built in 80 BC in a hollow between the Equillian, Palatine and Caelius hills.

The Pantheon is the “temple of all gods”, the burial place of famous people of Italy, such as Raphael, kings Victor Emmanuel II and Umberto I. Built in the 2nd century BC.
Castle of St. Angelo (Castel Sant’ Angelo) – a unique architectural monument that has existed for almost 2 thousand years, was originally a tomb, then a castle, the residence of popes, a repository of their valuables and at the same time a prison in which Galileo, Giordano Bruno and Count Cagliostro were imprisoned at different times. According to legend, in 590, during a plague, Pope Gregory the Great saw the Archangel Michael on top of the fortress, who sheathed his sword, which meant the end of the disaster – hence the name St. Angel. Today, the castle houses the National Museum, one of the most visited in Rome.

St. Peter’s Basilica (Basilica di San Pietro; St. Peter’s Basilica) – located on the territory of the Vatican, the Catholic Cathedral, considered the largest Christian church in the world (height 136 m and a capacity of up to 60 thousand people). Almost all the great masters of Italy, including Raphael and Michelangelo, took part in the design and construction of the cathedral. St. Peter’s Cathedral keeps many historical monuments of the Vatican: a bronze statue of St. Peter of the 13th century, the sculptural composition “Pieta” by Michelangelo, the tombstone of Pope Urban VIII, Pope Paul III, the bronze tomb for Pope Innocent VIII, which used to be in the old Basilica of St..Petra and the monument to the Stuarts and others.
The Spanish Steps (Scalianta di Spagna)– a grand baroque staircase of 138 steps, erected in 1723-1726. in Piazza di Spagna and leads to the church of Trinita dei Monti, located on the top of the Pincio hill.

Navona Square – a square in the shape of a rectangle elongated from south to north, built up in the 17th century in the Baroque style. From the 15th century to 1869, the location of the city market.

Piazza Venezia is one of the most beautiful Roman squares and a crossroads of important transport routes in Rome.

Villa Borghese – a magnificent landscaped Roman park of 80 hectares, built in the English style and including several museums: the Borghese Gallery with a rich collection of works of art, the National Museum of Villa Giulia, representing the largest collection of Etruscan art, and the National Gallery of Modern Art, there are also attractions in the park.

Trevi Fountain – a magnificent baroque fountain 25.9 m high and 19.8 m wide, built in 1632-1762, the most famous fountain in Rome. There is a belief that the person who threw a coin into it will certainly return to Rome again. The sum, which is annually “caught” by utilities for the year, reaches 700,000 euros.
Archaeological Museum – exhibits from the 6th century BC are presented here.

capitol hill – the heart of Ancient Rome, an element of the Roman Forum – the majestic architectural ensemble of antiquity. On the hill, overlooking the Forum, rose the temples of Capitoline Jupiter and Juno Moneta. In the 16th century, the Capitoline Hill was rebuilt according to the design of Michelangelo, and on the top of the hill, the architecture of the buildings was united by the Capitoline Square and the facade of the Palace of the Senators – Palazzo Senatori, also designed by Michelangelo.

The Capitoline Museums – one of the largest museum complexes in Rome, includes the buildings of the New Palace and the Palace of the Conservators, presents a collection of works of art from Ancient Rome, as well as masterpieces by Bernini and Caravaggio.

Il Vittoriano – a grandiose monument of white limestone in the center of Rome, built in 1885-1911 according to the project of Giuseppe Sacconi in honor of the first king of Italy, Victor Emmanuel II, whose equestrian bronze statue crowns the top of the monument.

Rome presents the widest possibilities for shopping for every taste. In the very center of the city, on the streets adjacent to the Plaza de España, there are boutiques of leading designer brands Calvin Klein, Dolce & Gabbana, Gucci, Prado, Tommy Hilfiger, Giorgio Armani, Roberto Cavalli and others. In the Via del Corso area – Via del Tritone, Via Barberinini, Via Vittoria and Via Nazionale abound with shops of all levels, including boutiques and inexpensive shops. There are also large shopping centers in Rome, for example, Cinecitta1 Due Centro Commerciale (Viale Palmiro Togliatti, 2), which includes more than 100 stores, or Grandi department stores, of which four chains are most famous: La Standa, Upini, Coin and La Rinascenta.

Main Attractions of Rome, Italy