Learn What Are the Effects of Alcohol on the Body

The effects of alcohol on the human body can occur in many parts of the body such as the liver or even in the muscles or skin.

The duration of the effects of alcohol in the body is related to the amount of time the liver takes to metabolize the alcohol. On average, the body takes 1 hour to metabolise just 1 can of beer, so if the individual has drunk 8 cans of beer, the alcohol will be present in the body for at least 8 hours.

The effect of immediate alcohol in excess

Depending on the amount ingested and the physical condition of the individual, the immediate effects of alcohol on the body can be:

  • Slurred speech, drowsiness, vomiting,
  • Diarrhea, heartburn, and burning in the stomach,
  • Headache, difficulty to breathe,
  • Vision and hearing are changed,
  • Change in reasoning ability,
  • Lack of attention, change in the perception and motor coordination,
  • Blackout alcoholic that are failures of memory in which the individual cannot remember what happened while he was under the influence of alcohol;


  • Loss of reflexes, loss of judgment of reality, coma alcoholic.

In pregnancy, the consumption of alcohol can cause fetal alcohol syndrome,which is a genetic change that causes a physical deformity and mental retardation in the fetus.

Long-term effects

The regular consumption of more than 60g per day, which is equivalent to 6 chops, 4 glasses of wine or 5 caipirinhas can be harmful to health, favoring the development of diseases such as hypertension, arrhythmia and increased cholesterol.

The 5 illnesses that can be caused by the consumption of excessive alcohol are:

1. Hypertension

The consumption of alcoholic beverages in excess can cause hypertension, with an increase mainly in systolic pressure, but the abuse of alcohol also decreases the effect of antihypertensive drugs, and both situations increase the risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attack.

2. Cardiac arrhythmia


Excess alcohol can also affect the functioning of the heart and there may be atrial fibrillation, atrial flutter and extra-premature ventricular contractions, and this can also happen in people who do not drink alcoholic beverages often, but the abuse of a party, for example. But the regular consumption of large doses of alcohol favor the appearance of fibrosis and inflammation.

3. Increased cholesterol

The alcohol above 60g stimulates the increase of VLDL and so it is not recommended to do a blood test to evaluate the dislipidemy after the consumption of alcoholic beverages. In addition, increases atherosclerosis and reduces the amount of HDL.

4. Increased atherosclerosis


People who consume too much alcohol present in the walls of the arteries more swollen and with ease to the appearance of atherosclerosis, which is the accumulation of fatty plaques inside arteries.

5. Cardiomyopathy, alcoholic

Cardiomyopathy alcoholic can occur in people who consume above 110g/day of alcohol for 5 to 10 years, being more frequent in young persons, between 30 and 35 years of age. But in women, the dose may be lower and cause the same damage. This change means that there is an increase in vascular resistance, decreasing cardiac index.

But in addition to these diseases, the alcohol in excess also leads to increased uric acid which can deposit in the joints causing acute pain, popularly known as gout.

Learn What Are the Effects of Alcohol on the Body 1

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