HPV in Men – How to Identify and Treat
HPV in men does not always show symptoms, but when genital warts are present they may appear on the penis or scrotum, for example. However the absence of these symptoms is not enough to say that the man is not with HPV because sometimes, the disease does not present symptoms that might be seen to the naked eye.
Even if the man does not present any symptoms to the naked eye, it can transmit the HPV virus to their partners by intimate contact and is therefore recommended to use a condom during sex vaginal, anal, or oral.
Just as in women, HPV in men does not have a definitive cure because it is not always the virus is eliminated from the body. However, it is possible to control the symptoms of the infection through treatment indicated by a general practitioner or a urologist. Learn more: HPV has no cure?
Symptoms of HPV in men
Images from CDC – Centers of Disease Control and Prevention.
The main symptom of HPV in men is the appearance of warts on the penis, scrotum, anus, mouth, or throat, however, the symptoms are rare and that is why many men do not know they are infected with the virus. So, the best way of diagnosing HPV in men is through examinations such as colposcopy, performed by the urologist, a doctor’s office.
Although the man is unable to see any wart in your genital region it is already able to pass the virus on to others during sexual contact.
Treatment for HPV in men
When there are symptoms it is important to treat the HPV because this virus can encourage the development of cancer of the penis, anus and throat. Treatment of HPV can be done with solutions indicated by the doctor, for about 2 years and usually includes the application of ointments to HPV, such as Podophyllin, prescribed by the urologist.
However, when the man discovers that he has the HPV virus in a routine examination the doctor may choose not to start the treatment because sometimes the HPV cure-alone, not requiring any medical treatment, but this does not happen in all people.
The vaccine against HPV in men
The vaccine against HPV in man, sold commercially as Gardasil, protects against the emergence of genital warts and anal cancer, and should be taken by individuals under 26 years of age, even if they have already been infected with HPV because it protects against several types of this disease. The vaccination is especially recommended for men who have sex with other men and in patients with HIV-positive, but all men can take this vaccine.
As the man catches HPV
The man can get HPV through skin to skin contact with an infected person. In this way it is possible that HPV transmission occurs through sexual intercourse without a condom or where the condom does not cover the area containing the warts. So when it is not possible to protect the affected region, the risk of transmission is very large, and should be recommended to sexual abstinence.