How to Identify and Treat Cancer of the Penis
Cancer of the penis is a tumor rare that can arise in the body or only in the overlying skin, causing changes in the color and texture of the skin, as well as the appearance of lumps or wounds that take a long time to disappear.
To identify this type of cancer is very important to be aware of symptoms such as:
- The appearance of the wound reddish that does not heal;
- Lump on the penis, on the glans or on the foreskin;
- The skin of the penis thicker, or with changes in color;
- Discharge with bad smell which comes out through urethra;
- Bleeding through the penis;
- Swelling of the extremity of the penis;
- Pain and swelling in the languages of the groin.
However, some of these symptoms can also indicate sexually transmitted diseases like herpes, syphilis or gonorrhoea. For this reason, it is best to consult a urologist to do the diagnostic tests required to confirm the cause and start the appropriate treatment.
Cancer of the penis is most frequent in the elderly with more than 60 years, but can also happen in young people, especially in men, smokers, who have bad hygiene of the intimate area, or who have intimate contact without a condom, for example.
Cancer of the penis has no cure, however surgery may be required to remove the affected tissues and, therefore, the larger the tumor, the greater are the chances of the man staying power with erectile dysfunction. However, there are treatment, such as penile prosthesis, which help the patient to recover from erectile dysfunction.
How is it treated
The treatment should be guided by a radiation oncologist or a urologist, and usually starts with surgery to remove as much of the affected tissue, being then complemented with chemotherapy or radiation to eliminate the tumor cells remaining.
Depending on the size and degree of development of the cancer, the man can be left with complications after surgery, such as erectile dysfunction, because the more tissue is necessary to remove, the greater the risk of affecting the muscles necessary for erection of the penis. However, in these cases, the doctor may recommend the use of a penile prosthesis that allows a man to have and keep an erection during intimate contact.
Already in the most serious cases, when the tumor is in a stage too advanced, the doctor may recommend emasculation, which consists in the total removal of all of the sexual organ and testicles. For these cases, is being developed a new technique to make the transplant of a penis, so as to return the entire sexual function.
How does the transplant of a penis
This type of treatment is being studied as a way to restore the ability for urinary and sexual of patients that needed removing the entire penis for the treatment of cancer.This surgery is not yet available, and during the tests, which have already been made, were accurate about 15 hours to connect all the blood vessels and nerves.
The transplanted organ must be from a donor with structural characteristics similar to lessen the risk of infection, bleeding and rejection. However, it is not yet possible to predict the success of transplantation in the treatment of erectile dysfunction, which may negatively affect the psychological health of the patient.
How to avoid the emergence of cancer
To prevent cancer of the penis is important to take some precautions, such as:
- Make a daily hygiene of the penis, especially under the foreskin;
- Use condoms during intimate contact;
- No smoking.
Although there is a specific cause for the development of cancer in the penis, these care help you prevent some risk factors, such as poor hygiene or infection by HPV, for example.