How to Identify and Treat Balanitis
The balanitis is inflammation of the head of the penis that, when it reaches the foreskin is called balanoposthitis, and causes symptoms such as redness, itching and swelling of the region. This inflammation, in most cases, is caused by an infection by the fungus Candida albicans, but can also happen by a bacterial infection, or simply due to an allergy to some type of underwear or hygiene product.
Though it can happen in any man or child, the balanitis is more common in those who did not do circumcision, since there is greater ease to accumulate dirt and bacteria under the skin of the foreskin.
When it comes to the first symptoms of balanitis is important to consult with the urologist, in the case of man, or the pediatrician, in the case of the child, to start the treatment with ointments appropriate and end up with the discomfort.
The main symptoms
In addition to the redness in the head of the penis, balanitis can cause other symptoms such as:
- Intense itching;
- Bad smell;
- The presence of runny white;
- Pain or burning when you urinate.
In some cases, it may still be difficult to pull the skin that covers the penis, as this gets more and more swollen and tight due to inflammation.
When appear these symptoms, it is important to go on the urologist or pediatrician in the case of balanitis child to identify the correct cause and start the appropriate treatment.
What can cause balanitis
The main cause of balanitis is thrush that happens when the fungus Candida albicanscan develop in excess and cause an infection in the layers the most superficial of the penis.
However, there are other causes that may cause irritation in the penis such as poor hygiene, allergy to any product, free or underwear, infection by bacteria or sexually transmitted diseases. In addition, some skin diseases, such as eczema or psoriasis, can also arise in the intimate area, causing balanitis.
How is it treated
The greater part of balanites can be treated only with the proper hygiene of the region and the use of briefs of cotton that allow the skin to breathe. However, when the symptoms do not improve, the doctor can help you identify the cause and start a more specific treatment.
Usually, the medical treatment includes the use of:
- Ointments corticoids, such as Hydrocortisone: can be used in all cases to improve the symptoms;
- Ointments antifúngicas, such as Nystatin, Clotrimazole or Terbinafine was used to treat the excess fungi;
- Antibiotic ointments, such as Clindomicina or Mupirocin: used in cases of infection by bacteria.
If still the symptoms continue or re-arise it is necessary to assess for the presence of any type of allergy, which may be caused by a soap or other hygiene product, for example. In these cases, you should avoid the substance that causes the allergy, to relieve the symptoms.
After the treatment, to prevent balanitis re-appears you should keep the penis clean and dry, avoid the use of products that irritate the skin, and use a condom in all sexual relations, to decrease the risk of communicable diseases.