How to Do Self Examination of the Testicles to Identify Cancer

The self-examination of the testicle is an examination that the man himself can do to search for changes in the genital organ, being useful to identify early the development of diseases such as infections or cancer in the testicle.

Testicular cancer is most common in people aged between 15 and 35 years, but it is easily treated, provided that it is identified early, it may not be necessary to remove the two testicles and allowing you to maintain the fertility.

3 steps to do the self-examination testicular

The self testicular exam should be done during the bath, because it is a time in which the skin of the genital region is more relaxed, facilitating the manipulation of the testicles. Then, you must follow these steps:


  1. Observe if there are changes in the color or texture of the scrotum, on foot, in front of the mirror, before going to the bathroom;
  2. Place the middle finger and the index finger behind the testicle and the thumb on top of the testicle. Then, slide the testicle between the fingers to assess for the presence of lumps and other changes;
  3. Find the epididymis and ducts different, what are the small channels located just behind or above the testicle, where the sperm. These channels must be identified so as not to be confused with a mass or suspected a ganglion swollen.

It is normal during this examination identifies that there is a lump that is below the other. Alarm signals are typically the presence of coroços the size of a pea, which does not cause pain in the front of the testicles or changes in the size of the testicles, for example.

When you do the self-examination of testicle

The self-examination of the testicles should be done at least 1 time per day, preferably after a hot shower because the heat relaxes the region, facilitating the observation of changes. However, the self-examination can also be done every day, since a better knowledge of the own body helps to identify early signs of various diseases.

The self-examination testicular should be done from the teenage years, to that the man has a notion of the size and shape of normal testicles, and to more easily see any change in these organs.


Any changes can be a sign of problems

During the course of self-examination, the man to be aware of changes in the testicles such as:

  • Difference in size;
  • Feeling of heaviness in the scrotum;
  • The presence of a mass or lump hard in the testicle;
  • Pain in the lower belly or groin;
  • The presence of blood in scrotum;
  • Pain or discomfort in the testicle or scrotum.

If there is some kind of change, it is advisable to make an appointment with a urologist to identify the right cause and start the most appropriate treatment, since there are several problems that can cause the same changes of the cancer, such as epididymitis or hydrocele, for example.

How to Do Self Examination of the Testicles to Identify Cancer 1

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