Enlarged Prostate: Causes and How to Treat

The enlarged prostate is very common problem in men above 50 years of age, and can produce symptoms such as pain when urinating or the stream of urine very weak, for example.

In most cases, the enlarged prostate is caused by benign enlargement of the prostate gland which is only a problem benign that it does not cause changes in health. However, it is advised to consult a urologist for the examination of touch and dismiss the hypothesis of cancer, which can also cause prostate enlargement.

How to identify

The symptoms of enlarged prostate are similar to any problem in the prostate.

These symptoms often arise after the age of 50 and take place in almost all the cases of enlarged prostate because the inflammation of the prostate presses on the urethra, which is the canal by which the urine passes, making it more difficult for your passing.

 

Once the symptoms may also indicate other problems in the prostate, such as prostatitis, for example, it is very important to consult a urologist to do tests, such as ultrasound or PSA test, to confirm the diagnosis. Generally, the man can discover this problem when the value of PSA is increased, for example.

How to confirm the diagnosis

When the first symptoms appear of enlarged prostate is advised to consult a urologist for the examination of touch. Although it can be a examination a little uncomfortable, this is a great technique that allows the doctor to assess if there are signs of increased prostate cancer. Understand how is done the digital rectal examination.

In addition, the doctor also asks for a blood test to evaluate PSA levels, which are typically above 4.0 ng/ml in cases of inflammation of the prostate. Find out more about the PSA test.

If the doctor identify abnormal changes during the digital rectal examination or if the value of PSA is above 10.0 ng/ml, may request a biopsy of the prostate, to evaluate the possibility of the rise being caused by cancer.

What can cause enlarged prostate

The majority of the cases of enlarged prostate is caused by benign enlargement of the prostate that comes with the aging of the body, being more frequent after the age of 50. This is a normal situation, which does not cause any health problem and that only needs to be treated when it causes symptoms or interferes with daily activities.

 

However, the enlarged prostate can also be caused by more serious diseases, and that need to be addressed, such as prostatitis or cancer. Prostatitis usually affects men at a young age, while cancer is more common with advancing age. Men with a family history of prostate cancer should, therefore, make the digital rectal examination earlier than usual, around the age of 40.

How is it treated

The treatment for enlarged prostate varies according to the cause and severity of the problem. Therefore, it can be done in the following way:

  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy: in these cases the doctor starts the treatment with the use of medications, such as Tamsulosin, Alfuzosin or Finasteride to decrease prostate size and relieve symptoms. In more serious cases, it may be necessary to do surgery to remove the prostate.

How is it treated

The treatment for enlarged prostate varies according to the cause and severity of the problem. Therefore, it can be done in the following way:

  • Benign prostatic hypertrophy: in these cases the doctor starts the treatment with the use of medications, such as Tamsulosin, Alfuzosin or Finasteride to decrease prostate size and relieve symptoms. In more serious cases, it may be necessary to do surgery to remove the prostate.

 

Prostate cancer: the treatment is almost always done with surgery to remove a portion of the prostate, or remove it completely, depending on the progress of the cancer. In addition, it may also be necessary to have chemotherapy or radiation.

In addition to these medical treatments, there are some natural remedies that help to complete the treatment and can relieve the symptoms more quickly.

Enlarged Prostate Causes and How to Treat 1

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