Causes and Remedies for Pain in the Testicles
Pain in the testicles is a symptom that can affect men of all ages and that can be classified as acute or chronic. The acute pain is one that arises quickly, and lasts a few hours or days, and it is usually caused by a blow in the testicles.
Already the chronic pain will be growing slowly and remains for several weeks or months, and may be a sign of more serious problems such as inguinal hernia, varicocele, or prostatitis, for example.
In rare cases, this type of pain may also indicate the presence of cancer of the testicle, although it is more common than cancer arising in other changes, first as a lump hard or difficult to urinate.
7 main causes of pain in the testicles
The most common causes of pain in the testicle include:
The varicocele is a dilation of the veins of the testicle that happens, more often in the left testicle, but can also affect only the right or both. This change causes a discomfort constant, swelling in the testicles and the sensation of heat, especially after walking or doing some physical activity.
- How to treat: in most cases, the pain that is caused by the varicocele is treated with remedies analgesics such as Paracetamol or Dipirona. However, if there is a risk of infertility or if the pain does not improve with the use of remedies you may need to do a small surgery to close the vein affected and do with that blood only flows through the vessels healthy.
2. Inguinal hernia
The inguinal hernia is very common in children and young adults, happening when a portion of the intestine can pass through a weakened site of the abdominal muscles, entering the scrotum and causing swelling and constant pain, which may worsen when you lift, bend or lift weights, for example.
- How to treat: the only form of treatment available is the surgery for inguinal hernia repair which allows you to reattach the portion of the intestine in the correct place and strengthen the abdominal muscles.
The inflammation of the epididymis, known as epididymitis usually is caused by a bacterial infection transmitted during intimate contact anal that cause symptoms such as intense pain, swelling of the testicle and fever with chills.
- How to treat: it is necessary to consult the urologist to start the use of antibiotics, usually, 1 injection of ceftriaxone followed by 10 days with an oral antibiotic doxycycline.
4. Torsion of the testis
The torsion of the testicle is usually an emergency situation that is most common before the age of 25, and that causes a pain so intense, however, there are cases in which this twist is not the case completely and, by this, the man can just show you a discomfort is constant or intense pain that goes and comes as the movements.
- How to treat: in case of suspected torsion of the testis is important to go quickly to the er to confirm the diagnosis and do surgery to reattach the testicle in the correct location, avoiding complications such as infertility.
The inflammation of the prostate, known as prostatitis, usually causes symptoms such as pain when urinating, fever, back pain, and a feeling of emptying of the bladder. However, it is also common to feel pain in the testicle, which gets worse when you palpate the region.
- How to treat: a good way to relieve the pain is to do sitz baths with warm water for 15 minutes and practice kegel exercises, however, also almost always it is necessary to take antibiotics prescribed by the urologist, such as ciprofloxacin or levofloxacin.
Although mumps usually affects the parotid glands, which lie in the region of the side of the face, the virus that causes the disease also can move up to the testicles, causing inflammation. This way, you may happen to arise pain in the testicles after a situation of mumps, due to the migration of the virus.
- How to treat: are typically used remedies anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics, such as Ibuprofen or Paracetamol, to relieve the symptoms. But it is also necessary to rest and drink plenty of water during the day to help the body eliminate the virus.
7. Testicular cancer
Testicular cancer rarely causes pain, however, in more advanced cases, pain can arise. However, in these cases it is also frequent that before arise other symptoms that indicate that something is affecting the region, such as swelling and intense changes of the size of the testicles and lumps, for example.
- How to deal: whenever there is suspicion of cancer is very important to consult a urologist as soon as possible, since early diagnosis improves the chances of a cure. However, in almost all cases it is necessary to remove the testicle affected.