Andropause: The Main Symptoms and Diagnosis
The main symptoms of andropause are sudden changes of mood and fatigue, that arise in men around 50 years of age, when the production of testosterone in the body starts to decrease.
This phase in men is similar to the period of menopause women, when also occurs the decrease of female hormones in the body and, therefore, andropause can be popularly known as ‘male menopause’.
It is important to remember that the greater part of men only a few of those symptoms, but it is always important to consult a general practitioner or a urologist, to assess the health and prevent health problems, such as osteoporosis and anemia, which are also common in this stage of life.
How to confirm the diagnosis
Andropause can be easily identified through a blood test that measures the amount of testosterone in the body. Thus, men over 50 years with symptoms that could indicate decreased levels of testosterone should consult with the general practitioner, urologist, or endocrinologist.
How to relieve the symptoms of andropause
The treatment of andropause, generally, is done with the use of medications that increase the levels of testosterone in the blood, through tablets or injections, however, the urologist or endocrinologist are the doctors who need to evaluate and indicate the most appropriate treatment.
In addition, it is still important to have healthy lifestyle habits such as:
- Do a balanced and varied diet;
- Do this exercise 2 or 3 times per week;
- Sleeping 7 to 8 hours per night;
In more severe cases, in which the man displays signs of depression, it may still be necessary to do psychotherapy or initiate the use of antidepressants, such as Citalopram or Sertraline, for example.
The consequences of andropause are related to the reduction in the levels of testosterone in the blood, especially when the treatment is not done and includes osteoporosis, which leads to increased risk of fractures, and anemia since testosterone stimulates the production of red blood cells.