All You Need to Know About the Prostate
The diseases related to the prostate can appear in any phase of life, the main ones being the cancer of the prostate, prostatitis and benign prostatic hyperplasia.
The enlargement of the prostate is the change most common, and cancer is the most serious situation, being more frequent in men over 50 years of age, and therefore, it is important to do regular exams from 45-50 years to identify early problems in the prostate and achieve healing.
What is the prostate
The prostate is a gland, about the size of a walnut, present in the body of the man. This gland begins to develop, increasing in size, during adolescence, due to the action of testosterone, until you get to your mid-size, which is approximately 3-4cm at the base, 4-6 in part céfalo-flow, and 2-3 in the part anterior-posterior.
Where the prostate is located
The prostate is located between the bladder and the pelvis of the man, standing in front of the rectum, which is the end portion of the intestine, and, therefore, it is possible to feel the prostate gland through digital rectal examination, carried out by the doctor.
What is the prostate
The function of the prostate gland in the body is to produce part of the fluid that way the sperm, helping to feed and protect the sperm.
The most common diseases of the prostate
The main changes of the prostate are cancer, benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostatitis, and may be caused due to genetic inheritance, hormonal changes or infection of viruses or bacteria.
1. Prostate cancer
Prostate cancer is more common in men over 50 years of age, but can also appear much earlier, especially if you have a history in the family of this disease.
The treatment of prostate cancer is done with surgery to remove the tumor, it being necessary in some cases to remove the prostate. Other forms of treatment that can be used along with surgery are radiation therapy and treatment with hormones, to shrink the tumor and reduce the risk of the disease coming back. In addition, even after the cancer has been cured, it is important to do regular testing to identify early if the tumor reappears.
2. Benign prostatic hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperplasia also known as prostate grown or inflamed, is the increase in the size of the prostate, but without the presence of cancer. This is the more common of the prostate because it is natural to a certain natural increase of the prostate with the passing of age.
The treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia can be done through medication to relax the muscle of the prostate, hormones to decrease the size of the organ or, in more severe cases, surgery to remove the prostate.
Prostatitis is an infection in the prostate gland, usually caused by infections of virus or bacteria, and may arise also as a consequence of a urinary infection ill treated. This change can also generate the increase of the size of this gland, but temporary, because it goes back to decrease after the treatment.
The treatment of prostatitis is done through the use of antibiotics and medicine to lessen the pain, but in some cases the hospital stay may be needed to treat the disease with medications in the vein. However, when antibiotics cannot fight the infection, it is necessary to do a surgery to remove the region inflamed prostate.
Warning signs for prostate
In the presence of these symptoms, you should seek the doctor urologist to identify the cause of the problem and start the proper treatment.
How do you know if the prostate is well
To know if the prostate is well it is necessary to do tests such as:
- Digital rectal examination:is the probing of the prostate through the anus of the patient, and is used to assess the size and hardness of the prostate gland;
- PSA: a blood test that counts the amount of a specific protein of the prostate, and results with high values signify that the prostate is enlarged, and may be benign prostatic hyperplasia or cancer;
- Biopsy:examination where it is taken out of a small piece of the prostate to be evaluated in the laboratory, identifying changes in cells that characterize the cancer;
- Urine test:used to detect the presence of bacteria in the urine and diagnose cases of prostatitis.
These tests should be done at any age in the presence of symptoms of changes in the prostate and in accordance with the guidance of the urologist.