You’ve probably heard about infertility, but you know, in fact, what is the definition of the word? Or, when a couple can be considered infertile?
Infertility is defined as the inability of a couple of reproductive age become pregnant within a year, keeping sexual relations at least six times a month without the use of contraceptives.
The World Health Organization (who) estimates that approximately 20% of couples have some problem. According to research, 30% of these problems are women, 30% of men, 30% of two and 10% are without a cause determined.
The data presented show that what for most couples is a wonderful discovery, for others it may be a time-consuming process and, in some cases, quite difficult.
The news that the woman is pregnant many times it takes to arrive and some people who are determined to have children need to resort to any medical method to generate a baby.
The good news, however, is that, today, the medicine presents a large number of reproductive treatments intended for these couples and there are many professionals ready to serve them throughout the country.
Among the treatments for couples who want to get pregnant, a name is well known: artificial insemination (or intrauterine insemination). However, few people know, in fact, what is this treatment, in what cases is indicated, as he is made etc. These questions will be clarified below by the medical specialist in human reproduction, Marcello Valle, Director of clinical Origin.
What Is Artificial Insemination?
Marcello Valle explains that artificial insemination is an assisted reproductive treatment modality of high complexity, held in those couples that present difficulties getting pregnant, but still have no medical indication for IVF.
In this technique, one can say, medicine just facilitates the fertilization of the egg by the sperm in cases where fertilization may not be occurring.
How Is Artificial Insemination?
According to the expert, the artificial insemination consists in the preparation of the semen in the lab and on the placement of this semen into the uterus through a catheter (thin flexible rod that leads to uterine cavity). See the demo video in 3D:
In What Cases The Artificial Insemination Is Indicated?
Valle explains that artificial insemination is usually indicated for couples in which the women have ovarian function and tubárea preserved, but the cervix impede the entry of sperm. “Or, more commonly, when there are subtle changes in the semen, which can compromise the motility (ability to move spontaneously or actively) these sperm,” he says.
Semen Of The Donor’s Semen Partnerx
Another question quite common on the subject is: when using semen from her own partner and when using semen from a donor?
In General, using the partner’s semen in artificial insemination in the following situations:
There are cases where women produce a mucus hostile to the passage of the sperm and, then, it is necessary to cross this barrier so that the sperm can swim freely toward the egg.
In cases in which ovulation does not occur on a regular basis or the hormones are not released at the time and in the amount ideal for ovulation occurs. Thus, it is necessary to induce and monitor ovulation, as well as put the sperm near the egg.
In cases where it is necessary to provide healthy sperm inside the uterus, near the fallopian tubes, to facilitate the process of fertilization.
In cases of endometriosis -disease that afflicts 35 percent of women of childbearing age-due to inflammation, the date of the egg and the sperm can be harmed. In this way, many times, that interaction optimization through intrauterine insemination solves the problem.
In cases where antiespermatozoides antibodies interfere with fertilization, the preparation of the semen can release the sperm of good part of these antibodies is clinging.
Already the semen from a donor is used generally when:
There is absence of sperm.
The woman does not have a partner and want to get pregnant.
Repetition abortion occurred by genetic factor.
When the couple is HIV sorodiscordante (a person with HIV and a person without HIV).
How Long Is The Treatment? See The Step By Step Process
Marcello Valle explains that the treatment lasts a menstrual cycle, “somewhere around 28 days, from the beginning of the medicines, through insemination, until the date of the pregnancy test,” he says.
Below you can see a summary of the step-by-step treatment:
- Artificial insemination begins with the medications that aim to stimulate ovulation.
- This phase lasts approximately 10 days and is monitored by ultrasound scans that will inform to the professional the correct date for the application of another drug that will induce a rupture of the follicle to release ova.That way, you can set the day and time of ovulation, when will be performed the insemination.
- On the day of insemination, hours ahead of the timetable, the partner must report to the treatment site for the collection of semen.
- The fastest swimmers will be selected and placed in a medium with a similar composition to the fluid that gets into the tubes.
- The sperm, in the meantime, will be placed in a catheter attached to a syringe.
- Given time, the catheter is introduced into the uterus and those sperm are deposited in the uterine environment, next to the horns – where they will meet with the eggs released by the ovaries, as in natural fertilization.
- About of 16 days after the pregnancy test and, if the patient doesn’t get pregnant, a new cycle can be started right away.
It is worth noting that this is a general summary of how artificial insemination occurs. All information and guidance are passed by the doctor responsible for the procedure.
What Are The Chances Of Getting Pregnant With The Artificial Insemination?
According to Marcello Valle, the success of this treatment depends largely on the age of the woman, but usually the chance is 10% to 25%.
Care Before And After Artificial Insemination
The Valle cita, in General, the care that the couple should have:
The couple should do a series of tests before treatment to rule out other diseases that compromise the success of the technique.
After insemination, while waiting for the result, it is recommended that the couple avoid sex.
It is recommended that the couple keep healthy habits of life and the patient use medications prescribed by your doctor regularly.
There Are Contraindications Of Artificial Insemination?
Marcello Valle explains that are contraindicated to artificial insemination in those couples who already have clear indication of in vitro fertilization, as in the case of tubáreas diseases, old age of women and men, among other causes.
There Are Risks In Artificial Insemination?
This is another common question: artificial insemination offers risks?
Marcello Valle explains, however, that artificial insemination is a technique with very low risk to the woman. “Just like in vitro fertilization, there may be an increased risk of multiple pregnancy and ovarian hiperestímulo-condition that can lead to hospitalization and intensive medical care. The percentage of these conditions still remain very low, “says the expert.
Artificial Insemination IVF X
Marcello Valle points out that these are completely different techniques. “The insemination, just prepare the semen and put him in the womb,” he says.
“In vitro fertilization, we carry out the collection of the semen and ova, fertilize each ovum with a single sperm in the laboratory, we follow the early development of the embryo-for 2 to 6 days – and finally put the embryo into the uterine cavity through a catheter, the specialist in human reproduction. Check out the demo:
Testimonials From Those Who Have Made Artificial Insemination
Jennifer Melo, 29 years, banking, account that, a few years after having had 2 abortions, sought a specialist to see the possibility of artificial insemination, since she and her husband wanted to have a son. “I tried three times in a row and now at last, I got the good news! It was all very quiet and I’m 13 weeks pregnant, “he says.
In the case of Tamara Hawk, 31 years, Secretary, artificial insemination was not enough and she and her husband had to bet on in vitro fertilization (IVF). “In the first 2 years of marriage, I’ve not used any contraceptive method and couldn’t control my fertile period. Unable to get pregnant, I started to worry, “reports.
With medical care and examinations, Tamara tells that she and her husband were referred to a specialist in human reproduction for programmed intercourse for about 6 months. “We can’t get pregnant, we left for a few more series, with stronger injections, for over 4 months. Without success in January 2013, decided by artificial insemination, and once again the result was negative, “he says.
The last bet was IVF and, in a second attempt, finally, the result was positive, for the joy of the couple.”There were a lot of attempts, but I can assure you it was worth it. I’m glad that today there are these treatments that can help couples who need a little help to realize the dream of parenthood “, ends the girl’s mother today.
Now you already have good information about artificial insemination, but it is worth remembering that only a professional can indicate which is the recommended treatment for a couple who are having difficulty getting pregnant.
That way, if this is your case, do not hesitate to seek medical help and learn about the treatments that exist with that goal.